Previously, we talked on the Right to life. Next will be the Right to dignity of person. This means no person should be the recipient of inhuman activities or torture. This also applies to slavery, therefore abolishing same. The exceptions to this rule as indicated below are, in cases of army drills, in execution of a court sentence, other services in the army, NYSC, normal community development services and any labour required which is reasonably necessary in the event of any emergency or calamity threatening the life or well being of the community.
By section 34of the 1999 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (as amended)
- Every individual is entitled to respect for the dignity of his person, and accordingly-
a). No person shall be subjected to torture or to inhuman or degrading treatment;
b). No person shall be held in slavery or servitude; and
c). No person shall be required to perform forced or compulsory labour.
2. For the purposes of subsection (1)(c) of this section, “forced or compulsory labour” does not include-
a). Any labour required in consequence of the sentence or order of a court
b). Any labour required of members of the Armed Forces of the Federation or the Nigerian Police Force in pursuance of their duties as such;
c). In the case of persons who have conscientious objections to service in the armed forces of the Federation, any labour required instead of such service;
d). Any labour required which is reasonably necessary in the event of any emergency or calamity threatening the life or well being of the community; or
e). Any labour or service that forms part of-
- Normal communal or other civic obligations for the well-being of the community,
- Such compulsory national service in the armed forces of the Federation as may be prescribed by an Act of the National Assembly, or
- Such compulsory national service which forms part of the education and training of citizens of Nigeria as may be prescribed by an Act of the National Assembly.